Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition that emerges in children during the preschool and early school years. These children often exhibit behavioral dysregulation and/or have significant difficulty paying attention. It is estimated that between 3 and 5 percent of children have ADHD, or approximately 2 million children in the United States. This means that in a classroom of 25 to 30 children, it is likely that at least one child will have ADHD.
The principal characteristics of ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity and appear early in a child’s life. The central psychological deficits in those with ADHD have now been linked through numerous studies using various scientific methods to several specific brain regions (including the frontal lobes and their connections to other brain structures). Because many normal children may have these symptoms, but at a low level, or the symptoms may be caused by another disorder, it is important that the child receive a thorough examination and an appropriate diagnosis is made by a well-qualified professional.
At the Brain and Behavior Clinic, our pediatric neuropsychologist is well trained in identifying the underlying cognitive deficits associated with ADHD, which is essential in accurately diagnosing this disorder. In addition to accurate diagnosis our pediatric neuropsychologist offers treatment recommendations including referrals for behavioral modification training and medication trials, as well as communicating specific special education needs to parents and educational staff.
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