Neuropsychological assessments typically comprise an evaluation of the basic dimensions of thinking and behavioral functioning. These are: Orientation; Attentional Capacity and Higher-Order Attention; New-Learning and Memory; Intellectual Functioning; Language Functioning: (Production, Understanding); Visuospatial, Visuoperceptive, and Visuoconstructive Functioning; Sensorimotor Functioning; Executive Functioning; and Personality/Emotional Functioning. An assessment is made through the use of standardized paper-pencil and computerized tests, which have been “normed” on an age, education, and gender matched control group. Through the analysis and interpretation of the patient’s clinical presentation, test scores, medical records, and overall profile an assessment can be made regarding the patient’s organic brain condition. The results of the assessment are then utilized to develop an appropriate and effective rehabilitation program tailored to address the patient’s specific needs.
Identifying the nature of brain-behavior abnormalities relative to “normal” functioning, understanding the consequences of these changes in the daily life of the individual, and contributing to effective and cost-efficient treatment and management of affected patients are basic goals of a neuropsychological consultation.